Most applications for a Bachelor degree at US universities and for US scholarships request 2-3 reference letters. Usually, at least two are from teaching staff - teachers or college counsellors have taught you in the last 1-2 years - who know you in a learning environment. The third may be another teacher or someone who knows you from extracurricular activities or internships. The guiding princlple should be who knows you best, is most likely to write a convincing and enthusiastic reference in English, and which combination of referees can cover different parts of your profile - e.g. using different subject teachers to stress your abilities in different academic areas, or choosing a supervisor in extracurricular activities (e.g. debating) who can stress your abilities and interpersonal qualities in that context.
Referees should present you enthusiastically and positively, stressing not only your academic and scholarly abilities and achievements, but also your personal traits, extracurricular and social involvement and explain any special circumstances you have dealt with - to show how you have excelled in spite of them, to explain why perhaps they may have affected your grades, or simply to illustrate interesting sides of your personality and special experiences. The aim is to demonstrate that you would be succeed academically, be interesting to teach and could contribute positively to campus life.
We recommend giving referees some information to help them better understand your motivation as well as what is expected of the reference letter, especially if your teachers are less experienced with writing reference letters for US Bachelor degrees. Specifically, we recommend:
In terms of content, the reference letters should:
For more concrete tips on how to write the reference to fit your specific universities of choice and your profile, as well as help contacting referees to set expectations and review references, please contact our tutors using the contact form on the right or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Für den Aufnahmetest zur EBS Law School gibt es aktuell noch keine "past papers", offizielle Übungsaufgaben oder Tipps zur konkreten Vorbereitung. Die Informationen, die die Universität darüber gibt, lauten folgendermaßen:
"Das schriftliche Auswahlverfahren findet vormittags statt und dauert ca. 90 Minuten. Dabei werden Ihre logisch-analytischen Fähigkeiten sowie Ihre eigenständige Problemlösungskompetenz getestet. Der schriftliche Test widmet sich den kognitiven und verhaltensspezifischen Voraussetzungen, die für einen erfolgreichen Studienabschluss erforderlich sind."
De facto besteht der Test aus vielen Aufgaben, die einem Intelligenztest ähneln, zum Beispiel Zahlenreihen oder Aufgaben, in denen es darum geht, mit unterschiedlichen Formen zu arbeiten. Des Weiteren sind mathematische Aufgaben dabei und "Bilderaufgaben" - man wählt aus zwei Bildern dasjenige, das einem mehr zuspricht. Bei den "Bilderaufgaben" sollte man natürlich ganz auf das Bauchgefühl hören und so schnell wie möglich antworten, um sich mehr Zeit bei anderen Denkaufgaben zu geben. Auf die anderen Aufgabetypen kann man sich hingegen relativ gut im Voraus vorbereiten.
Besonders zu empfehlen ist es, angesehene Intelligenztests zu üben, wo die oben genannten Zahlenaufgaben oder Aufgaben mit Formenumgang vorkommen. Empfehlenswert sind vor allem folgende Tests:
Zudem lohnt es sich, einen Test zu üben, der auch für EBS BWL sowie viele Fächer in Oxford und Cambridge benutzt wird, den "Thinking Skills Assessment" Test (TSA, http://www.admissionstestingservice.org/for-test-takers/thinking-skills-assessment/tsa-oxford/preparing-for-tsa-oxford/). Dieser beinhaltet Mathe, Textverständnis und logische Denkübungen. Die TSA Webseite bietet viele "past papers" - Prüfungen aus vergangenen Jahren - an, mit denen man sehr realistische die Prüfung üben kann.
Zur ausführlichen persönlichen Vorbereitung der Bewerbung an der EBS Law School und ähnlichen Hochschulen kontaktieren Sie uns bitte über das Kontaktformular rechts oder über email@example.com/+49 (0)30 5891 7332.
On issues of student finance, UK and EU students are treated the same for most costs. This situation will remain unless an official decision is made that the UK leaves the EU. At time of writing (July 2016), it is unclear whether this will occur (despite referendum results narrowly in favour of "leave"). The earliest leave date would be two years from the official decision to do so, hence not before summer 2018.
Annual tuition fees for EU & UK students
Annual tuition fees for students starting their degree in 2016 are £9,000. Those starting 2017 will pay £9,250 per year of undergraduate study. These fees can be funded fully using a loan provided by the UK government. It is repayed once the student earns above a threshold income (ca. £25,000 per year) in small increments. If the loan is not repaid entirely after 30 years, the remaining loan payments are waived. Interest payments are only as high as inflation or (for high incomes) up to 3 percentage points above inflation. Finally, the UK goverment tuition loan does not affect creditworthiness at all. This makes the UK tuition loan very attractive for students seeking a low-risk way to pay for their studies once they have their own income.
Costs of living day-to-day
The living costs - accommodation, meals, study materials, clothing, extracurriculars, travel etc. - estimated across the entire academic year are ca. £10,000 (the usual range is ca. £8,500 - £13,000). This varies according to lifestyle as well as somewhat by college.
College accommodation and meal charges vary. At Oxford, the cheapest accommodation and meal charges for all three terms total ca. £4,500 (Brasenose and St. John's Colleges), and the most expensive charge nearly £6,000 for three terms (St. Edmund Hall), according to publicly provided information by the university.
The total costs of studying at Oxford or Cambridge - including living expenses - thus add up to a total of ca. £20,000 per year. This cost is roughly the same at all other universities in England for undergraduate degrees, and vastly cheaper than many private high schools, such as boarding or international schools, in UK and abroad.
Low-income households: annual bursaries
For low-income households, bursaries are available for students with household incomes below £42,875. These bursaries are non-repayable grants of up to £3,700 per year (for students from households with an income of up to £16,000), depending on income levels. The breakdown of bursary payments by income level is publicly provided by the university and accessible here. The bursary and loan funding package can be enhanced using the Moritz-Heynman Scholarship, which not only provides funding but also opportunities for volunteering and internships for its scholars.
While fees and living expenses appear expensive in comparison with public universities in Germany and elsewhere in Europe, they appear much less significant when compared to German private universities such as WHU or Bucerius Law School in Germany (annual tuition fees of ca. €13,000 before living expenses), and top universities in the USA (annual expenses including fees and living of upward of $60,000 for many top institutions). What Oxford and Cambridge offer in value include:
Open days at Oxford and Cambridge occur several times a year, usually in late June and September - just at the end of the academic year and just before the start of the new academic year.
Cambridge open days
Cambridge only allows pupils in their final year of school or submitting an application that year to join the official open day events. However, if you are not yet a final year student, you still have opportunities to take advantage of some of the offerings of the open day. Most importantly, you can book online tickets for open day events on the Cambridge website. This allows you to attend certain university-wide as well as college events. It also gives you free access to all colleges in order to allow you to take part in student-guided tours that give you a feel for the grounds, dining and library facilities as well as student accommodation.
The tickets also give you a chance to visit some of the most impressive buildings in Cambridge for free, such as King's College Chapel. During the college tours and in the colleges' information rooms, you will have a chance to speak to current students about their experiences studying at Cambridge, the subjects they chose and day-to-day college life. We recommend booking your tickets early, as the university-wide (/departmental) tickets may be sold out closer to the open day.
Oxford open days
Anyone can attend Oxford's open day events and tickets or pre-booking are not necessary for most events at both college and university levels. For both Oxford and Cambridge open days we recommend you first decide on your subject(s) of interest. If you are still deciding between subjects, choose those you are most interested in and figure out a manageable schedule to visit those subjects' events. The most interesting events usually include:
Meeting individual tutors
At both Oxford and Cambridge you can arrange to meet and speak to individual subject tutors at various colleges to get a better feel for the subject(s) you are interested in as well as the staff who would teach you during your degree. Some tutors are very open to and keen on meeting prospective applicants, because it gives them a better idea of who the applicant is and may help them make a more informed decision when the applicant comes for interviews. They are also often motivated to encourage you to apply and inform you about the subject, so that you can make the best decision for yourself.
However, some tutors may be short on time during the open days or less interested in meeting potential applicants in order not to privilege or disadvantage any candidates at the interview stage. In order to find a tutor who is willing and free to meet you, we recommend looking at the faculty page of the subject you are applying to (e.g. for Classics, google "Classics tutors at Cambridge") and contacting a few members of staff listed there per email.
Come to the tutor meetings prepared with your questions. Topics tutors will often talk about or that are worth asking them about are:
Visiting both universities
If you are interested in both Oxford and Cambridge universities, you may wish to visit both for open days. Usually both universities' open days are close in dates - at times even overlapping. Travel between the cities can be cumbersome by train or bus, hence you may find it useful to book a taxi for the trip (ca. £135 for 4 people between Oxford and Cambridge).
Book accommodation early
Hotels in the Oxford and Cambridge area may be fully booked during open days. In consequence, we recommend finding accommodation early to capture lower prices and conveniently located hotels. Students may also stay for free at certain colleges, e.g. Magdalen College or Christ Church at Oxford. This is a great option to get a good feel for living at the college, to meet other applicants also staying overnight there, and to have more time to chat to students and staff at the college.
Enjoying Oxford and Cambridge
There are many great options for food in both university towns. In Cambridge, walking near the river and down the High Street you will find plenty of attractive restaurants to suit any taste. In Oxford, the Quod restaurant on High Street and Vaults and Gardens in the basement of the University Church of St Mary are particularly recommended. If you would like to try traditional pub food, try the Turf Tavern - hidden off Holywell Street - or the Eagle and Child.
Visiting the towns for open days also gives you an opportunity to see other interesting parts of the cities. For example, in Oxford you may wish to visit the Ashmolean museum, a free museum and the oldest in the UK, which also has a beautiful rooftop terrace for lunch or coffee. The Randolph Hotel opposite it is a brilliant place to try "High Tea", as are several cafés on the High Street. It is worth going on a guided tour of the Bodleian Library - the second largest library after the British Library in London - which holds a copy of every book published in the UK and has beautiful interiors in which the Harry Potter movies were filmed. During open day, the tours of the Bodleian Library are free of charge for prospective students and accompanying family and friends. Finally, the University Church of St Mary the Virgin and the Covered Market, both off High Street, are well worth a visit.
In Cambridge, you may also wish to take a guided punting tour, in which you will be chauffeured along the river in so-called punts. Guides explain the history of the colleges and other landmarks you pass - including how James Bond was named and who the person behind "M" in 007 is based on.
We accompany families or individuals visiting open days at Oxford and Cambridge. Our tutors plan the trip (events to visit, tutors to meet, accommodation in hotels and colleges, meals, transport and leisure events) and accompany you during your stay to give you background information on what you see, answer further questions and guide you to all event locations without difficulty.
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org | +49 (0)30 5891 7332
Katharina Kunze, Tutorin und Gründerin von Oxbridge Bewerbung, hat zwischen 2005 und 2008 an der Oxford University "Politics, Philosophy and Economics" (BA Hons) studiert.
Nach ihrem Master hat sie als Unternehmens-
beraterin bei Oliver Wyman, bei The Economist und bei dem deutschen Startup mymuesli gearbeitet.
Seit 2011 haben sie und ihre Mentoren bei Oxbridge Bewerbung Schüler in England, Deutschland und im Ausland bei der Bewerbung für Oxford und Cambridge University betreut.